Women before pregnancy. All your doubts about preconception

Getting pregnant is not as easy as it sounds. Pregnancy is possible only during the fertile days of women, that is, when ovulation occurs.

There are some methods that can help you calculate ovulation, especially if your period is irregular, as observed vaginal discharge or measure the basal temperature.

One year is what it takes to get pregnant. If the baby does not arrive after this period it is advisable to consult a specialist to rule out fertility problems.

The consumption of vitamins before pregnancy reduces premature births

A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition last July 27, 2011, said that taking vitamins before and during early pregnancy may help to reduce preterm birth and low weight babies birth. Despite the results, researchers say yet its consumption is not recommended at this time, because you need more studies to see how this situation affects babies.

Folic acid supplementation before pregnancy

Taking folic acid before becoming pregnant and during early pregnancy helps prevent neural tube defects in the fetus. This is and remains so, but now we know more. Taking multivitamins before pregnancy can help reduce premature births and low birth weight baby . This is the conclusion of a study of almost 36,000 Danish pregnant and recently published in the journal American Journal of Clinical Nutrition .

How do multivitamins before pregnancy?

The study, conducted jointly by the Universities of Pittsburgh (USA) and Aarhus (Denmark) found the effects of multivitamin moments before and after conception, that is four weeks before and eight weeks after the last menstrual period when women were already pregnant.

The researchers caution that is necessary to continue studying the effects of multivitamin supplements before pregnancy, so we still do not recommend its use without prior medical clearance.

The results indicate that the number of preterm births before 37 weeks was 4.3% in the group of women who took multivitamins compared with 5.35% in the group not taking any supplement. But these differences were observed only in the preterm delivery, also the weight and size of the baby. The group of mothers who consumed multivitamins were less likely to have a baby small for its gestational age.

Scientists say that there were certain differences between the groups related to lifestyle, such as poor diet or consumption of snuff. The group that showed worse outcomes had less healthy lifestyles. This could hinder the absorption of nutrients and promote premature birth and low birth weight, say the authors. Despite the positive results of the study, researchers do not recommend taking over the counter multivitamins before pregnancy are not known because the effects they might have on the baby.

How should you take care of before you get pregnant?

If you are looking for a pregnancy, consider the following tips:

1. The query goes to the gynecologist before conception.

Most pregnant women find that they are expecting a baby shortly after the first offense. However, the ideal situation is to plan the pregnancy. For this reason, we recommend that you go to a gynecologist’s office for you to perform a medical examination. The doctor will also recommend you start taking folic acid, a very important supplement to prevent serious diseases in the developing fetus.

2. Watch your diet before getting pregnant.

Being underweight or overweight are two circumstances that can reduce the chances of pregnancy. If you want a pregnancy, we recommend that you eat well. That is, avoid excess fat in foods and uses fresh foods to prepare the main dishes of the day. Oh, you can also eat fruit, rich in natural vitamins and minerals.3. Avoid alcohol and snuff before and during pregnancy.