Often the skin, during pregnancy and due to changes in hormonal processes, may be altered beyond the classic grooves as dark spots and strange colors in localized areas of the body or face.
None of them are severe cases, most disappear in the course of the months after birth and can be effectively treated after infancy.
The spots that appear during pregnancy (only some women) do not hurt, nor are skin diseases that have gravity. His main complaint is that they are pleasing to the eye and radically change our skin positioned in highly visible areas of the face or abdomen. Any of them require aesthetic treatments dermatological disappear and not become final.
They occur due to alteration in the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone.
There are several types, but the most common are three: the line fusca, the lentigines and melasma.
Melasma: also known as chloasma, appears mainly on the face and has light brown. Complicating mostly women of darker skin and may become more pronounced with each pregnancy or even if no inheritance of this problem in the family.
This type of stain is of the changes hormonales, when in this period temporarily stimulates the production of melanin (natural substance that gives color to hair, skin and eyes).
The irregularly shaped spots of various sizes and can appear around the upper lip, nose, cheeks and forehead.should be known that exposure to Sun also affects stains and worse so it is very important just detected, start using sunscreen altogether.
Lentigo: looks very similar to freckles but larger. Appears on the face or neck and will darken with exposure to sunlight or lights like the computer. In these cases it is recommended to cover with concealer and use sunscreen (SPF 60) to avoid taking a lot more color.
Fusca line or linea alba: appears as a stripe on the midline of the abdomen and umbilical line runs along the dark color. It is also known as linea nigra and magazine no gravity. Before pregnancy, all women already have a line called the linea alba, which runs from the navel to the pubis and barely noticeable because it is the same color as the rest of the skin. When hard darkens the months of gestation and after delivery is becoming increasingly clear to return to its normal tone.
The excess melanin is responsible for these stains and the darkening of certain areas. In this period many women find their skin which in itself has more pigmentation in the nipples, freckles, scars and skin around the genitals. This also often happens in areas prone to friction, such as the armpits and inner thighs. But under no circumstances is to be alarmed, then resume their natural color.
Treatments to remove skin blemishes:
It may be that the areas that have darkened gradually return to its normal shade a few months after birth, although it has been seen that in the case of melasma and lentigo, changes never completely disappear. To treat exist:
Peels: with trichloroacetic in mask, or mandelic acid gradually serve to clarify the spots.
Laser and pulsed light: for small spots, is ideal because it acts directly on the darkest area. According to their pigmentation may require several sessions. There is also a laser (Q switched pixelated) that removes melasma in one session.
Creams: for mild cases, there creams containing retinoic acid, glycolic acid, retinol and vitamin C. Are similar to those used for bleaching treat age spots.
Any of these treatments should be advised and carried out by a dermatologist who will evaluate the best option in each case and the type of skin.
Anyway we must also be alert to stains for any changes in pigmentation accompanied by discomfort, pain on palpation of the area, redness or bleeding, change in color, shape or size. Here the opinion of a medical expert will be key to detect the problem and its solution.